金融商品を取引するとき、一番の壁は専門用語です。また、一般的な用語でも、株価・為替(FX, CFD), 仮想通貨などでは違う意味で使われていることもあります。そんな時に便利な用語辞典をご用意しました。取引を始めたばかりの初心者から経験者まで全ての方に片手間で調べたい時に、ささやかですが、是非参考にしてください。

When we trade financial products, the number one barrier is terminologies. In addition, even general terms we use in our lives in the financial world such as stock, forex, cryptocurrencies may have different meanings. In such a case, this site has prepared a convenient term dictionary. It’s a small thing, but please refer to it when you want to find out glossaries with one hand for all investors from beginners who have just started trading to experienced people.




Describing unforgiving market conditions that can be violent and quick.

Uk Average Earnings Including Bonus/ Excluding Bonus

Measures the average wage including/excluding bonuses paid to employees. This is measured quarter-on-quarter (QoQ) from the previous year.

Uk Claimant Count Rate

Measures the number of people claiming unemployment benefits. The claimant count figures tend to be lower than the unemployment data since not all of the unemployed are eligible for benefits.

Uk Hbos House Price Index

Measures the relative level of UK house prices for an indication of trends in the UK real estate sector and their implication for the overall economic outlook. This index is the longest monthly data series of any UK housing index, published by the largest UK mortgage lender (Halifax Building Society/Bank of Scotland).

Uk Jobless Claims Change

Measures the change in the number of people claiming unemployment benefits over the previous month.

Uk Manual Unit Wage Costs

Measures the change in total labor cost expended in the production of one unit of output.

Uk Oil

A name for Brent Crude Oil.

Uk Producers Price Index Input

Measures the rate of inflation experienced by manufacturers when purchasing materials and services. This data is closely scrutinized since it can be a leading indicator of consumer inflation.

Uk Producers Price Index Output

Measures the rate of inflation experienced by manufacturers when selling goods and services.


A name for the FTSE 100 index.


Continental term for month or year end.


Another term for an open position.

Under Reference (Order)

Before finalizing a transaction all the details should be submitted for approval to the order giver, who has the right to turn down the proposal.


An exchange rate is normally considered to be undervalued when it is below its purchasing power parity.


A colloquial term for reversing a transaction. e.g. a spot sale by means of a forward purchase or, if done in error, a spot purchase.

Unit of Account

A device designed to provide a consistent value with varying currencies. e.g. ECU and SDR.


The actual traded market from where the price of a product is derived.

Unemployment Rate

Measures the total workforce that is unemployed and actively seeking employment, measured as a percentage of the labor force.

University Of Michigan’s Consumer Sentiment Index

Polls 500 US households each month. The report is issued in a preliminary version mid-month and a final version at the end of the month. Questions revolve around individuals’ attitudes about the US economy. Consumer sentiment is viewed as a proxy for the strength of consumer spending.

Unrealized Gain/loss

The theoretical gain or loss on open positions valued at current market rates, as determined by the broker in its sole discretion. Unrealized gains/losses become profits/losses when the position is closed.


A new price quote at a price higher than the preceding quote.

Uptick Rule

In the US, a regulation whereby a security may not be sold short unless the last trade prior to the short sale was at a price lower than the price at which the short sale is executed.

Us Oil

A name for WTI Crude Oil.

Us Prime Rate

The interest rate at which US banks will lend to their prime corporate customers.


A name for the Dow Jones index.

*These glossaries are based on easyMarkets and PacificUnion educational tools.